Urban projects by an architecturbanistic tándem: Rafael Moneo and Manuel de Solà-Morales

Urban projects by an architecturbanistic tándem: Rafael Moneo and Manuel de Solà-Morales

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The emergence of urban projects in the 1980s can be seen in relation to some previous approaches that focus on the need of recovering the unity and integration between architecture and urbanism. We are interested in this kind of ‘reciprocal contamination’. According to Nuno Portas, this was a central issue to Team X already in the 1950s and 1960s (Portas, 1998). Among those renovated visions, the discourse of Jaap Bakema, centered on the idea of the ‘open society’ as a continuous and fluid exchange between “people, things, and functions”, aims for a certain ‘reconnection’ between architecture and urban planning, hence the term ‘architecturbanism’ (Bakema, 1966). In the same way other modernist architects were trying to ‘reconnect’ and ‘integrate’ both scales of architecture and urban design, such as J.L. Sert in Harvard, who launched in 1956 the first Conference on Urban Design (Mumford, 2009).
The theoretical discourse and works of two Spanish architects, Rafael Moneo and Manuel de Solà-Morales show a process of convergence and ‘contamination’ between the disciplines of architecture and urbanism that could help to explain the emergence of a new generation of urban projects since the 1970s which run up to the 1990s.
This paper focusses on some of their projects on the basis of the examination of their professional trajectories: on the one hand, from Moneo’s personal interpretation of Italian Tendenza and notion of typology to his Harvard stage as dean of the GSD (1985-1990); on the other, from Solà-Morales background with L. Quaroni and J.L. Sert up to the foundation of the LUB (Laboratorio de Urbanismo de Barcelona) in 1969 and his vision of urban morphology as a tool for intervention emphasizing large-scale architectures.
The aim of this paper is to analyse five projects by this tandem, three of them developed together, which had a strong significance and impact on architectural and urban planning cultures of their time.

Corresponding Author

Javier Monclús

University of Zaragoza (Spain)

Author #1:

Carmen Díez Medina

University of Zaragoza (Spain)

Author #2:

Javier Monclús

University of Zaragoza (Spain)

Author #3:

Author #4:

Preferred Track

9. The Syndrome of Grand Projects: contamination processes between North-South, West-East, Global-Local

Second Preferred Track

2. Starchitecture

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