Segregating social identity : Politics of Housing in Indonesia local city

Segregating social identity : Politics of Housing in Indonesia local city

Submission ID:

127

This paper aims to discuss the rapidly growing number of Islamic gated-housing estates in Indonesian urban areas. The main assumption in this paper is that, by looking through the concept of space of representation and representational space, the Islamic voluntarily-segregated neighborhood serves as space for reproduction of ‘modern-middle class-urbanist’ Islamic collective identity. Focusing on an Islamic housing estate in a rapidly growing city at the south of the capital city, namely Depok City, this paper uses first hand qualitative data collected in 2015 and supported by secondary data.
The first section of this paper describes the process of emergence of conservative Islam in Indonesia since the beginning of 21st century, leaving behind the long-known Indonesian’s characters of moderate Islam.
The second section of the paper analyzes the shifting urban politics in Depok city that produce a politics of housing segregation based on religion.
The third section of this paper describes the representation of the neighborhood space; how the physical form of the housing estate can explain the conceptualization of space by the developer and eventually by the local government, in order to understand the ideology behind the conceptualization of space.
Then the fourth part of this paper describes how the residents in the neighborhood experience their everyday life in the housing estate (based on first hand qualitative data).
The last part of the paper concludes that though the concept of space of representation and representational space can be used in explaining the reproduction of Indonesian urban middle class collective identity in Islamic neighborhood, the findings from the research shows that the middle class Islamic is also reproduced through voluntary segregation from the rest of the urban middle class.
Key words
Gated housing, Islamic neighborhood, spatial segregation, social segregation, reproduction of collective identity

Corresponding Author

Raphaella Dewantari DWIANTO

Universitas Indonesia

Author #1:

Raphaella Dewantari DWIANTO

Universitas Indonesia

Author #2:

Tyka RAHMAN

State Islamic Institute (IAIN) Bukittinggi

Author #3:

Author #4:

Preferred Track

7. Urban competitiveness and social challenges

Second Preferred Track

6. Urban policies

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