Olympics and urban form: evolution of the scales of representation, planning and construction

Olympics and urban form: evolution of the scales of representation, planning and construction

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In 1956, Cortina d’Ampezzo in the Italian region Veneto hosted the VII Winter Olympic Games, the first Italian Olympics. 70 years later it should become a part of another national Olympic project, which thought and represented in a totally different global and national context. Hosting the Olympic Games for the long period have been viewed by the national governances as an opportunity to promote and accelerate urban development, drivers of economic growth, a way for fast urban regeneration, improving transport accessibility and cultural life. Being the most prestigious world mega-event and having over the hundred years history, the Olympic Games have impacted the development of many hosting cities. However, a general shift in attitude to the Olympics’ organization that involves such a concept as sustainability and territorial cohesion is changing completely their possible impact on cities.
In Italy, the Olympic Games of the twentieth century were localized within urban borders in Cortina d’Ampezzo in winter 1956 and in Rome in summer 1960 and contributed to significant urban transformations. In 2006, the Winter Olympic Games had a regional scale and involved several localities and regional infrastructure. The Winter Olympic Games 2026 will spread in the macro-regional dimension in which the four territorial clusters will be located: the clusters of 1) Milan and 2) Valtellina (200 km from Milan) in Lombardy; the cluster of 3) Cortina with Anterselva between the Veneto Region and the Autonomous Province of Bolzano (370 km from Milan); as well as the cluster of 4) Val di Fiemme in the Autonomous Province of Trento (300 km from Milan). The event’s macroscale diffusion raises the question of its possible impact on urban development and transformation of the local expectations and the event’s perception. The study aims at shedding light on the evolution of the Olympics projects’ representation, planning and construction based on the case of Italy.

Corresponding Author

Elena Batunova

Politecnico di Milano

Author #1:

Elena Batunova

Politecnico di Milano

Author #2:

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Preferred Track

1. Mega-events and mega-projects: trends and demands

Second Preferred Track

6. Urban policies

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