The landscape of power in São Paulo

The landscape of power in São Paulo

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Between the 1990s and 2000s, a series of public-private investments built the new “landscape of power” in the city of São Paulo, around Marginal Pinheiros. Region of occupation until then rarefied, which combined industrial uses and slums. Focus of massive Urban Operations carried out by the municipality, the area received a large public investment in infrastructure, and had much of its area cleared by the removal of slums. As a consequence, a kind of “globalized enclave” was created there amid a peripheral metropolis, in financialized capitalism. They are megaprojects with large office towers, luxury hotels, concert halls, shopping centers and mixed-use complexes, building a skyline that mimics the business centers of affluent cities in the northern hemisphere. In most of these cases the companies that occupy the properties do not own them, but only tenants, avoiding immobilizing their capital in a fixed place. In the logic of this financial and global economy, investors are pension funds, and the construction and incorporation of these complexes is done by mixed joint ventures between national and international companies. From an urban point of view, they are configured as autonomous mini-cities, separated from the reality of their surroundings, very fortified and closed, and dependent on individual motorized transport. Between 2013 and 2016, during the progressive prefecture of Fernando Haddad, a plan was elaborated for the new occupation of Marginal Tietê, an axis that is linked to this one, but which remained more lacking in investments. Entitled “Arco Tietê”, the plan remains in the Grand Projects model, but seeks to balance the economic interest of companies with a policy that strengthens investments in social housing and public transport. With Haddad not re-elected, and with the cancellation of Growth Acceleration Plans (PACs), with the country's economic crisis, the “Arco Tietê” is, until today, paralyzed.

Corresponding Author

Guilherme Wisnik

FAUUSP, University of São Paulo

Author #1:

Guilherme Wisnik

FAUUSP, University of São Paulo

Author #2:

Author #3:

Author #4:

Preferred Track

9. The Syndrome of Grand Projects: contamination processes between North-South, West-East, Global-Local

Second Preferred Track

1. Mega-events and mega-projects: trends and demands

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