The new wave of infrastructure megaprojects - a comparative study: Istanbul-Berlin

The new wave of infrastructure megaprojects - a comparative study: Istanbul-Berlin

Submission ID:

126

The recreation of cities through megaprojects is not a new trend, the history repeats itself under the umbrella of neoliberalism, many cities responding to the economic pressure and the process of globalization through a reinterpretation of large-scale urban development projects.
Total global megaproject spending is assessed at USD 6-9 trillion annually, or 8 percent of total global GDP, which denotes the biggest investment boom in human history. Never has systematic and valid knowledge about megaprojects therefore been more important to inform policy, practice, and public debate. The predominance of the experience of the Western examples in the literature on megaprojects raises a concern as to whether the same characteristic can be generalized to the non-Western locales. This article tackles dimensions of megaproject planning in terms of performance, impact, and governance and planning process, with a comparative analysis of two infrastructure megaproject case studies: Istanbul Airport, Istanbul, and Berlin Brandenburg Airport. In conclusion, the new wave of megaprojects at the periphery of capitalist economies seem not so different from the western examples, implemented through sudden, top-down decisions that do not sufficiently account for environmental protection or consultations with citizens, but successfully surpass their main concern in the literature review, considering the performance dimension: the cost overruns and time delays. While in the case of Berlin Airport, the main problems considering the performance of the megaproject were about the infinite changes and different views of different actors engaged in the planning process, but also the ones contesting it, in Istanbul we witness an entrepreneurial central government, facilitating the approval of the project to the expense of its quality and impacts (environmental, social, economic), leading to social frictions and protests.

Corresponding Author

Serin Geambazu

Ion Mincu University of Architecture and Urban planning

Author #1:

Serin Geambazu

Ion Mincu University of Architecture and Urban planning

Author #2:

Author #3:

Author #4:

Preferred Track

9. The Syndrome of Grand Projects: contamination processes between North-South, West-East, Global-Local

Second Preferred Track

6. Urban policies

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Contacts

DINÂMIA'CET-Iscte

Centre for Socioeconomic and Territorial Studies

Avenida das Forças Armadas | Edifício ISCTE

Sala D316 1649-026 Lisbon

grandprojects.2021@gmail.com

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