Shared economy as a vector for gentrification: airbnb case study in the Vidigal slum during the Great Events in the city of Rio de Janeiro.

Shared economy as a vector for gentrification: airbnb case study in the Vidigal slum during the Great Events in the city of Rio de Janeiro.

Submission ID:

45

This communication will seek to discuss some preliminary reflections arising from the field work that is being carried out within the framework of his master's degree. This study's main object of study is the analysis of the shared economy as a vector for the gentrification process in the Vidigal slum (Rio de Janeiro, Brazil).
The gentrification phenomenon can be understood in two ways: the first characterized from an economic bias, rent gap theory (Smith, 1979) and, on the other hand, as a cultural dynamic of capitalism David Ley (1980). Appropriating the concept of shared economy proposed by Wachsmuth and Weisler (2018), where this new type of economy would assume the characteristic of mutual transfer of goods and services from the advancement of information technology, especially after the financial crisis in 2008.
In this study, the impacts generated in the community by the introduction of the airbnb platform in the Vidigal favela in the context of the Major Events in Rio de Janeiro, in 2014 and 2016 will be discussed. The methodology takes on a qualitative nature, by conducting a case study that articulates participant observation, documentary collection and individual interviews carried out through semi-structured questions with residents and people involved in the day-to-day life in the Vidigal favela.

References:
Ley, David. Liberal Ideology and the postindustrial city. Annals of the Association of American Geographers, v.70, pp. 238-258, 1980.
Smith, N. Toward a theory of gentrification: a back to the city movement by capital, not people. Journal of the American Planning Association. London: Routledge, 1979.
Wachsmuth, D., & Weisler, A. Airbnb and the rent gap: Gentrification through the sharing economy. Environment and Planning A: Economy and Space. 2018.

Keywords: gentrification; shared economy; slums; technology; airnb.

Corresponding Author

Rodrigo Nunes Limoeiro de Sousa

Faculdade de Economia da Universidade de Coimbra

Author #1:

Rodrigo Nunes Limoeiro de Sousa

Faculdade de Economia da Universidade de Coimbra

Author #2:

Daniel Neves da Costa

Faculdade de Economia da Universidade de Coimbra

Author #3:

Author #4:

Preferred Track

1. Mega-events and mega-projects: trends and demands

Second Preferred Track

9. The Syndrome of Grand Projects: contamination processes between North-South, West-East, Global-Local

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DINÂMIA'CET-Iscte

Centre for Socioeconomic and Territorial Studies

Avenida das Forças Armadas | Edifício ISCTE

Sala D316 1649-026 Lisbon

grandprojects.2021@gmail.com

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