YENI ISTANBUL: A SYSTEM OF MEGAPROJECTS - an assessment of the dimensions of the new megaprojects in global cities situated at the periphery of Western capitalist economies from a governance and planning process perspective: the case study of ISTANBUL AIRPORT

YENI ISTANBUL: A SYSTEM OF MEGAPROJECTS - an assessment of the dimensions of the new megaprojects in global cities situated at the periphery of Western capitalist economies from a governance and planning process perspective: the case study of ISTANBUL AIRPORT

Submission ID:

124

This article tackles dimensions of megaproject planning in Istanbul, Turkey, by studying the city’s expansion to the north with its newest infrastructure megaproject, Istanbul Airport (IA). The aim is to assess to which extend the top-down, but also bottom-up governance forms influence the planning process and outcomes of the project, providing future policy recommendations. Analytical tools include the decision-making process, the legal framework, actors, their relations, and discourse analysis. Both primary and secondary data were collected through literature review, review of documents, plans, and laws, media articles, 20 interviews, 40 questionnaires, and an internship. It was found that IA is a megaproject with a good performance, on time and on budget, but with a top-down approach to planning, lacking transparency, accountability, participation in its planning process, leading to uneven territorial development and uneven allocation of resources, social conflicts, urban sprawl, and environmental distortion. Although it is developed through a PPP, the leading factors behind are an entrepreneurial central government and a national policy that take megaprojects out of the traditional institutional planning system. The constantly growing strong opposition parties gaining ground of the governance landscape are not resistant to this particular megaproject but to the whole new system of planning in Istanbul. The study argues that only through a change of a more inclusive planning approach, along with targets of improvement on the policy level and its integration into the traditional institutional planning system, into bigger scale plans, the megaproject will be able to escape the current deadlocks and collisions between government, investors and resistance, and might have a chance to actually set an urgently needed precedent of new planning culture in Istanbul.

Corresponding Author

Serin Geambazu

Ion Mincu University of Architecture and Urban planning

Author #1:

Serin Geambazu

Ion Mincu University of Architecture and Urban planning

Author #2:

Author #3:

Author #4:

Preferred Track

6. Urban policies

Second Preferred Track

7. Urban competitiveness and social challenges

Subscribe for updates

Contacts

DINÂMIA'CET-Iscte

Centre for Socioeconomic and Territorial Studies

Avenida das Forças Armadas | Edifício ISCTE

Sala D316 1649-026 Lisbon

grandprojects.2021@gmail.com

  • YouTube
  • Facebook
THE GRAND PROJECTS
DINAMIA'CET