THE GOVERNANCE OF GRAND URBAN PROJECTS: PUBLIC POWER AND PRIVATE ACTORS

THE GOVERNANCE OF GRAND URBAN PROJECTS: PUBLIC POWER AND PRIVATE ACTORS

Submission ID:

150

The need for economic growth leads many cities to develop grand urban projects, intending to promote the upgrading of degraded areas that are not attractive for tourism. The models of grand urban projects involve different actors in the process and have a similar conception, with an iconic architecture and great visual appeal. However, different institutional arrangements are adopted, depending on the objective to be achieved.
In this article, the purpose is to analyze the governance relationship established between the public authorities and other actors in urban interventions carried out on waterfront areas. These intervention projects, worldwide, started with the Boston and Baltimore cases, still in the 1960s. In Europe, after the London Docklands case, a series of other interventions projects on waterfronts emerged. In Barcelona, the transformation was a part of a reconfiguration movement in the city, in the 1980s, and driven by the 1992 Olympic Games. In the 1990s, Lisbon transformed a degraded area in Parque das Nações, motivated by Expo 98. Most recently, prominent cases such as Puerto Madero, in Buenos Aires, and Porto Maravilha, in Rio de Janeiro, occurred.
It aims to investigate how policies adopted by public authorities have contributed to the success of urban interventions, focusing on governance and institutional arrangements.
Based on bibliographic research, the management models utilized in Barcelona, Lisbon, Buenos Aires and Rio de Janeiro are explored, as well as their relationship to the governance adopted in these cities.
The result highlights the similarities and differences between the models examined, and the conclusion points to the importance and relevance of the knowledge of past experiences, and how it allows to subsidize new initiatives that are appropriate to the reality of each urban environment.

Keywords: urban policies; grand projects; urban governance

Corresponding Author

Raquel de Barros Gaidex

Faculdade de Arquitetura da Universidade de Lisboa

Author #1:

Raquel de Barros Gaidex

Faculdade de Arquitetura da Universidade de Lisboa

Author #2:

José Luis Mourato Crespo

Faculdade de Arquitetura da Universidade de Lisboa

Author #3:

Carlos Hardt

Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Paraná

Author #4:

Preferred Track

6. Urban policies

Second Preferred Track

9. The Syndrome of Grand Projects: contamination processes between North-South, West-East, Global-Local

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Contacts

DINÂMIA'CET-Iscte

Centre for Socioeconomic and Territorial Studies

Avenida das Forças Armadas | Edifício ISCTE

Sala D316 1649-026 Lisbon

grandprojects.2021@gmail.com

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